"Since the adoption of China's 'going out' strategy, Chinese enterprises have been strongly encouraged to engage overseas in a range of sectors, including agriculture. This has gathered a significant amount of interest in recent years, with a critical focus on large scale acquisitions by Chinese companies. Agriculture accounts for a small percentage of China's overall outbound investment, and many of the large-scale land acquisitions reported in the media have not materialized. Nonetheless, Chinese companies of various sizesare now active in agriculture projects across the world, not only in production, but also processing, purchasing and trade. This reportseeks to provide an overview of the current state of China's overseas investment in agriculture in the Mekong region, with a focus on Cambodia, Laos and Myanmar.