Skip to content

Impacts of changes to the population age structure on Vietnam’s economy and policy recommendations

This executive summary provides key updated information and fndings related to the impacts on Vietnam’s economy of changes in the population age structure, and a number of policy recommendations on how to extend the period of the country’s demographic dividend, thereby contributing to the country’s economic growth.

The information and fndings presented are drawn from the updated version (2016) of a previously conducted research (in 2015) by the Vietnam Institute for Development Strategies (VIDS) under the Ministry of Planning and Investment (MPI). The updated research uses the National Transfer Accounts (NTA)1 and 2014 data.

Key findings: - Population projections produced by the General Statistics Ofce (GSO)2 indicate that the period of Vietnam’s “demographic bonus” is estimated to end by 2040. The demographic window of opportunity (or demographic bonus) provides opportunities for what is called a “demographic dividend”.3 However, if the 2014 income and expenditure trends of the population by age continue for the next 35 years, Vietnam’s demographic dividend will end by 2017. - From a gender perspective, the period of demographic dividend is longer for male than female population (about three years). By area (urban and rural), however, the period of demographic dividend of both areas could end at the same time.

Data Resources (2)

Data Resource Preview - Impacts of changes to the population age structure on Vietnam’s economy and policy recommendations

Additional Info

Field Value
Document type Reports, journal articles, and research papers (including theses and dissertations)
Language of document
  • English
  • Vietnamese
Topics Population and censuses
Geographic area (spatial range)
  • Viet Nam
Copyright Yes
Access and use constraints

Extracts of the information in the Web site may be reviewed, reproduced or translated for research or private study but not for sale or for use in conjunction with commercial purposes.

Any use of information in the Web site should be accompanied by an acknowledgment of UNFPA as the source, citing the uniform resource locator (URL) of the article. Reproduction or translation of substantial portions of the Web site, or any use other than for educational or other non-commercial purposes require explicit, prior authorization in writing using our contact form. Please select 'Publications' or 'web site inquieries' as subject depending on the content you are interested in.

Version / Edition 1
License unspecified

United Nations Population Fund - Vietnam 304 Kim Ma Street, Ba Dinh District, Hanoi Tel: 84-4-3850-0100 Fax: 84-4-3726-5520 Website: Facebook:

Author (corporate) United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Co-author (coorporate) Vietnam Development Strategy Institute
Publication place Hanoi
Publisher The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Publication date 2016
Pagination 4
Keywords age structure,policy recommendation,Vietnam's economy,cơ cấu tuổi,đề xuất chính sách,kinh tế Việt Nam
Date uploaded October 31, 2018, 08:02 (UTC)
Date modified December 19, 2018, 10:33 (UTC)